AskDefine | Define suffixation

Dictionary Definition

suffixation n : formation of a word by means of a suffix

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

suffixation
  1. The process of adding a suffix to a word.

Extensive Definition

In grammar, a suffix or ending is an affix which is placed at the end of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs.
Suffixes can carry grammatical information (inflectional suffixes), or lexical information (derivational suffixes). An inflectional suffix is sometimes called a desinence.
Some examples from English:
Girls, where the suffix -s marks the plural;
He makes, where suffix -s marks the third person singular present tense;
He closed, where the suffix -d marks the past tense.
A large number of endings are found in many synthetic languages such as Czech, German, Finnish, Latin, Hungarian, Russian, etc.
Suffixes used in English frequently have Greek, French or Latin origins.

Inflectional suffixes

Inflection changes grammatical properties of a word within its syntactic category. In the example:
The weather forecaster said it would clear today, but it hasn't cleared at all.
the suffix -ed inflects the root-word clear to indicate past tense.
Some inflectional suffixes in present day English:

Derivational suffixes

In the example:
"The weather forecaster said it would be clear today, but I can't see clearly at all"
the suffix -ly modifies the root-word clear from an adjective into an adverb. Derivation can also form a semantically distinct word within the same syntactic category. In this example:
"The weather forecaster said it would be a clear day today, but I think it's more like clearish!"
the suffix -ish modifies the root-word clear, changing its meaning to "clear, but not very clear".
Some derivational suffixes in present day English:
  • -ize/-ise
  • -fy
  • -ly
  • -able
  • -ful
  • -ness
  • -ism
  • -ment
  • -ist
  • -al
suffixation in Guarani: Mbiti
suffixation in Breton: Lostger
suffixation in Bulgarian: Наставка
suffixation in Catalan: Sufix
suffixation in Czech: Sufix
suffixation in Danish: Suffiks
suffixation in German: Suffix
suffixation in Estonian: Sufiks
suffixation in Spanish: Sufijo
suffixation in Esperanto: Sufikso
suffixation in French: Affixe#Place_des_affixes
suffixation in Galician: Sufixo
suffixation in Hindi: प्रत्यय
suffixation in Indonesian: Sufiks
suffixation in Icelandic: Viðskeyti
suffixation in Italian: Suffisso
suffixation in Latin: Suffixum
suffixation in Macedonian: Наставка
suffixation in Dutch: Suffix
suffixation in Japanese: 接尾辞
suffixation in Norwegian: Suffiks
suffixation in Norwegian Nynorsk: Affiks#Suffiks
suffixation in Low German: Suffix
suffixation in Polish: Przyrostek
suffixation in Portuguese: Sufixo
suffixation in Quechua: K'askaq
suffixation in Simple English: Suffix
suffixation in Finnish: Pääte (morfologia)
suffixation in Swedish: Suffix
suffixation in Volapük: Poyümot
suffixation in Chinese: 後綴
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